Problems in the remote monitoring of global variations in the Earth atmosphere gas components

1Morozhenko, OV, 1Sosonkin, MG, 1Shavrina, AV, 1Ivanov, Yu.S
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1995, 1 ;(2):03–17
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Observation data on the global variations in the planet's optical characteristics are reviewed. Climate variations and ecological conditions of the Earth's atmosphere are discussed. The spectrophotometric method for monitoring the chemical composition of the atmosphere is described in detail. Observations in the thermal spectral region are demonstrated to be more advantageous. A small-sized vibration-proof Fourier spectrometer for the region 3—10 jum with a spectral resolution of 2 cnf1 is described. It can be used in stationary and field conditions, and on board artificial Earth's satellites as well. The spectrophotometric method is shown to be promising in the global and local monitoring of gas pollutants in the Earth atmosphere. As an example we give lower boundary estimates for relative concentrations (with respect to C02) of ten atmospheric gas components.
Keywords: Earth atmosphere, gas pollutants, remote monitoring, spectrophotometry
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