Ground-based observations for studying anomalous electromagnetic phenomena related to earthquakes

1Kuznietsova, VG, 1Maksymchuk, VYu., 1Horodys'kii, Yu.M, 1Siedova, FI
1Carpathian Branch of the Institute of Geophysics. Subbotin of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , L’viv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1997, 3 ;(1):34–42
Publication Language: Ukrainian
The physical background of origination of anomalous electromagnetic phenomena related to earthquakes are discussed. We demonstrate that it is possible to recognize anomalies preceding earthquakes on the basis of careful experimental investigations. The main aspects of the methodology of the necessary ground-based electromagnetic monitoring are developed for the search of correlations between ground and cosmic electromagnetic phenomena.
Keywords: Earth ionosphere, earthquake precursor
Abdullabekov K. N. Electromagnetic phenomena in the Earth's crust, 232 p. (Fan, Tashkent, 1989) [in Russian].
Gogatishvili Ia. M. Geomagnetic precursors of intense earthquakes in the spectrum of geomagnetic pulsations with frequencies of 1-0.02 Hz. Geomagnetizm i Aeronomiia, 24, 697—700 (1984) [in Russian].
Golikov Iu. V., Pilipenko V. A., Dcosta A. Geomagnetic pulsations excited by powerful earthquakes. Geomagnetizm i Aeronomiia, 25, 824—828 (1985) [in Russian].
Gohberg M. P. (Ed.) Search for the electromagnetic precursors of earthquakes, 243 p. (In-t fiz. Zemli, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
Gokhberg M.B., Kustov A.V., Liperovskaya R.K., et al. Perturbations of the ionospheric F-layer prior to strong earthquakes. Izvestiya AN SSSR. Fizika Zemli, No. 4, 12—20 (1988) [in Russian].
Drumya A. V., Shebalin N. V. Earthquakes: where, when, why? [Zemletryaseniya: gde, kogda, pochemu?], 194 p. (Shtiintsa, Kishinev, 1985) [in Russian].
Zubkov S. I., Migunov I. I. On the Occurrence Time of Earthquake Electromagnetic Precursors. Geomagn. Aeron., 15 (6), 1070—1074 (1975) [in Russian].
Zubkov S. I. (Ed.) Catalog of the pulsed electromagnetic precursors of earthquakes, 127 p. (In-t fiz. Zemli AN SSSR, Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].
Kotsarenko N. Ya., Korepanov V. E., Ivchenko V. N.  Investigations of the ionospheric precursors of earthquakes project "Poperedzhennya". Kosm. nauka tehnol., 1 (1), 96—99 (1995) [in Ukrainian].
Kuznetsova V. G The study of geodynamic processes and precursors of earthquakes in the Carpathian Mountains on the basis of research tectonomagnetic.  Prognoz zemletrjasenij, 7, 219—233 (Donysh, Dushanbe; Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Larkina V. I., Migulin V. V., Molchanov O. A. et al. The statistical characteristics of excitation of low-frequency radiation in the upper atmosphere over the earthquake area: Preprint N 16 (705) IZMIRAN AN USSR, 22 p. (Moscow, 1987) [in Russian].
Mavljanov G. A., Ulomov V. I., Abdullabekov K. N. et al. Abnormal variation of the geomagnetic field in the eastern Fergana - a harbinger of Altai earthquake 02.1I.1978.  Dokl. AN SSSR, 246 (2), 294 (1979) [in Russian].
Nishida A. Geomagnetic Diagnosis of the  Magnetosphere, P. 220—224; P. 230—234 (Mir, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].
Parkhomenko E. I., Bondarenko A. T. Electrical conductivity of rocks under high pressures and temperatures, 279 p. (Nauka,  Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].
Pustovitenko B. G., Kul'chickij V. E., Gorjachun A. V. Earthquakes at the Crimean Black Sea region, 192 p. (Nauk. dumka, Kiev, 1989) [in Russian].
Rahimov I. A., Rizaev K. I., Hanberdiev A. et al. The wave perturbations electron content of the ionosphere in the period of increased seismic activity. Ionospheric effects of earthquakes Turkmenian Academy of Sciences, P. 14—15 (Ashhabad, 1991) [in Russian].
Rikitake T. Earthquake Prediction [Predskazanie zemletrjasenij], 338 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1979) [in Russian].
Sadovskij M. A. (Ed.) The electromagnetic precursors of earthquakes, 88 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1982) [in Russian].
Kharitonov O. M., Kostyuk O. P., Kutas V. V. et al. Seismicity of the territory of Ukraine. Geophysical journal, 18 (1), 3—15 (1996) [in Russian].
Klimov S., Romanov S., Amata E., et al. ASPI experiment: Measurements of fields and waves onboard the INTERBALL-TAIL mission. INTERBALL. Mission and Payload, CNES-IKI-RSA, P. 120—152 (1995).
Korepanov V., Kuznetsova V., Maksymchuk V. Tectonomagnetic investigations as ground support of space earthquake prediction experiment. Electromagnetic phenomena related to earthquake prediction, 489—491 (Terrapub, Tokyo, 1994).

Verbitsky T. Z., Kuznetsova V. G., Somov V. J. The results of complex investigations on the Carpathian geodynamic polygon. J. Geodynamics, 9, 177—186 (1988).