Geological peculiarities of planets of different composition

1Evsyukov, NN
1V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv,Kharkiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1997, 3 ;(1):43–60
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Peculiarities of composition and geological structure of planets in the Solar system are reviewed. Silicate and icy planets have some common features in their geological evolution: formation of primary lithospheres with heavily cratered surfaces and uniform compositions, formation of tectonic fault systems of various scales, and flooding volcanism. Basic differences of geology of the planets of different composition are the following: silicate planets bear crusts of in-homogeneous composition — basaltic oceanic crusts and feldspatic continental crusts; global expansion is typical for icy planets, which leads to formation of global systems of tectonic faults of different scales; central volcanism is typical only for silicate planets with high levels of endogenic activity.
Keywords: Solar System planets, surface composition, volcanism
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