An analysis of the outlook for widening functional capabilities of the Ukrainian geostationary communication satellite

1Degtyarev, AV, 1Makarov, AL, 1Matvienko, SA, 2Prokopov, AV, 3Romanko, VN
1Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
2National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
3National Scientific Centre «Institute of Metrology», Kharkiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2012, 18 ;(1):05-12
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2012.01.005
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
We consider the possibility to enhance the functions of the Ukrainian geostationary communication satellite to realize the radiophysical method of measuring the Earth’s gravitational field parameters and improving the system of position and time determination. It is planned to use an EGNOS-type spacecraft as a functional adjunct to the spread of differential corrections in signals of the global navigational satellite systems (Galileo, GPS, GLONASS) and also as an element of high-precision synchronization of remote reference clock
Keywords: geostationary communication satellite, gravitational field, position and time determination
References: 
1. Bakit'ko R. V., Boldenkov E. N., Bulavskij N. T. et al. GLONASS. The principles of construction and operation,  Eds. A.I. Perov, V.N. Harisov, 800  p. (Radiotehnika, Moscow, 2010) [in Russian].
2. Hofmann-Wellenhof B., Lichtenegger H., and Collins J. Global Positioning System. Theory and Practice: Transl. from Eng., 380  p. (Nauk.dumka, Kyiv, 1996) [in Ukrainian].
3. D’yakonov V. P. Wavelets: From Theory to Practice, 2nd Edition, revised and updated, 400 p. (SOLON- Press, Moscow, 2004) [in Russian].
4. ICD GLONASS. Edition 5.0, 57 p. (KNIC, Moscow, 2002) [in Russian].
5. Matvienko S. A. The measurement system of the gravitational field of the Earth-based navigation satellite systems,  Kosmicheskaja tehnika. Raketnoe vooruzhenie: Sb.nauch.tehn.st., Is.1, P. 65—80 (Yuzhnoye SDO, Dnepropetrovsk, 2008) [in Russian].
6. Matvienko S. A., Prokopov A. V., Roman'ko V. N. To the theory of radiophysical method for determining the Earth's gravitational potential, Ukrainian Metrology Magazine, N 1, P. 6—10 (2009) [in Russian].
7. Matvienko S., Sidorenko G., Romanko V., et al. Radiophysical method of measuring the parameters of gravity field for space bodies,
Recent advances in geodetic science and industry: proceedings, Is.1 (21), 91—96 (Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, 2011) [in Russian]. 
8. Nazarenko A.I. Errors of forecasting of satellite motion in the Earth gravity field/ Ed. by R. R. Nazirov, 226 p. (Ser. Mechanics, control and informatics) (IKI RAN, Moscow, 2010) [in Russian].
9. Matvienko S.A. Satellite radio-navigational system. Pat. 84704 Ukraine, MPK G01S 5/14, No. a200512250; Zajavl. 19.12.2005;  published 25.11.2008, Bull. No. 22 [in Ukrainian].
10. Roman'ko V. M. Principles of departmental service time // Metrology and Measuring Equipment (Metrology −2008): Proceedings of  6 Int. sci.-tecgn. Confer., Vol. 1, 126—129 (NSC «Institute of Metrology», Kharkiv, 2008) [in Ukrainian].
11. Sidorenko G. S., Roman'ko V. N., Matvienko S. A., Prokopov A. V. Radiophysical method of measuring the acceleration of gravity using the frequency offset the effect of gravity of global navigation satellite system signals, Ukrainian Metrology Magazine, Is. 4, P. 3—11 (2010) [in Russian].
12.  Ashby N. Relativity in the Global Positioning System,  Living Rev. Relativity, 6,  1—45 (2003).
https://doi.org/10.12942/lrr-2003-1
13. Basker S., Solari G., Ventura-Traveset J., Motefusco C. The Transition from ESTB to EGNOS: Managing User Expectation,  GNSS 2003: The European Navigation Conference, 22 — 25 April 2003, Austria. (Graz, 2003).
14. Bauch A., Achkar J., Bize S. Comparison between frequency standards in Europe and the USA at the 10-15 uncertainty level,  Metrologia, 43, 109— 120 (2006).
https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/43/1/016
15. Fenton P., Powers E., Klepczynski B. Capabilities of the WAAS and EGNOS using high gain antennas for time distribution and frequency transfer, Proceedings of the 14th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation ION GPS 2001, September 11—14, 2001, P. 2214—2219 (Salt Lake City, 2001).
16. Schafer W., Pawlitzki A., Kuhn T. New trends in two-way time and frequency transfer via satellite,  Proceedings of the 31st Annual Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Systems and Applications Meeting, 7—9 December 1999,  Ed. by L. E. Breakiron, 670 p. (USNO, Dana Point, 1999).

17. Ventura-Traveset J., Michel P., Gauthier L. Architecture, mission and signal processing aspects of the EGNOS system: the first European Implementation of GNSS,  Seventh International Workshop on Digital Signal Processing Techniques for Space Communications: DSP 2001, Sesimbra, Portugal, 1—3 October 2001.