Iintellectual control system for spacecraft rendezvous and docking based on active optical markers and its laboratory prototyping

1Taranenko, VB, 1Lymarenko, RA, 1Topolnikov, VA, 2Yatsenko, VA, 3Martysh, EV, 4Melanchenko, OG
1International Center “Institute of Applied Optics” of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
3Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the National Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
4Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2015, 21 ;(2):53–55
Publication Language: Ukrainian

The existing and emerging systems for the rendezvous and docking of spacecrafts are reviewed. Particular attention is paid to the optical navigation sensor systems at the last stages of the rendezvous process, where the distance between spacecrafts does not exceed 100 meters. The usage of active optical markers and optical pattern recognition methods are proposed in order to increase the measurement accuracy for the spacecraft angular coordinates. The possibility of increasing the measurement accuracy for the distance between spacecrafts by means of the laser ranging techniques is also analyzed. The requirements to the laboratory experiments are specified

Keywords: active markers, LIDAR, rendezvous and docking

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