Tests of the gravitational redshift effect in space-born and ground-based experiments

1Vavilova, IB
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2018, 24 ;(1):31-48
Section: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publication Language: Ukrainian
This paper provides a brief overview of experiments as concerns with the tests of the gravitational redshift (GRS) effect in ground-based and space-born experiments. In particular, we consider the GRS effects in the gravitational field of the Earth, the major planets of the Solar system, compact  stars (white dwarfs and neutron stars) where this effect is confirmed with a higher accuracy. We discuss availabilities to confirm the GRS effect for galaxies and galaxy clusters in visible and X-ray ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Keywords: compact stars, galaxy clusters., General Relativity Theory, gravitational redshift, navigation systems
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