Hazards due to meteors and asteroids and influx of cosmic matter on the Earth

1Kruchynenko, VG, 2Voloshchuk, Yu.I, 2Kashcheyev, BL, 1Kazantsev, AM, 3Lupishko, DF, 4Yatskiv, Ya.S
1Astronomical Observatory of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
3Institute of Astronomy of V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
4Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1999, 5 ;(1):03-17
Publication Language: Ukrainian
The problem of meteor and asteroid hazards is considered on the basis of modern studies of small bodies in the solar system. Using one of the largest meteor data banks and the results of calculations of asteroid orbits, new approaches to the search for space bodies which may be dangerous to our planet are formulated. The problem of destruction of meteoroids of various masses in the atmosphere and on the surface of the Earth is considered, and a criterion for distinguishing between impact and explosion meteorites is presented. Analysis of the data on influx of cosmic bodies on the Earth in a wide range of masses is made. The probability of collision of space vehicles with meteoroid particles is given.
Keywords: hazards due to meteors and asteroids, influx of cosmic matter, space environment monitoring
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