Some little-known facts and events from the history of gravitational wave research in Ukraine

1Yatskiv, Ya.S, 1Vavilova, IB, 2Romanets, OA, 2Savchuk, VS
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Oles Honchar National University of Dnipropetrovsk, Dnipro, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2017, 23 ;(3):64-72
Publication Language: English
The paper deals with the history of gravitational wave research in Ukraine and describes two little-known facts and events.
           The first one is concerning with a short period of Dr. Nathan Rosen’s life in Kyiv and his scientific activity at the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the UkrSSR  in 1936-1938 years. At that time, he has published several papers, which promoted the first steps in the creation of modern theories in the fields of gravity and quantum physics. These papers, including “Plane-polarized waves in the General Theory of Relativity”, have been issued in the “Ukrainian Physical Notes” (“Ukrainski Fizychni Zapysky”), which was not widely accessed. We quote also some parts from correspondence of N. Rosen and A. Einstein in this period.
             The second comment is related to the history of gravitational wave experimental research in Kyiv, which were initiated in 1970s by Prof. Aleksey Z. Petrov at the Institute of Theoretical Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the UkrSSR. We describe briefly the development of the detector of high-frequency gravitational waves (the Weber type antenna) as well as results obtained by K.A. Pyragas’s group. 
Keywords: detectors of gravitational waves; history of physics: Nathan Rosen, gravitational waves
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