Influence earthquakes onto ionosphere state

1Dzubenko, MI, 1Kozak, LV
1Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2003, 9 ;(1):071-080
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2003.01.071
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
The influence of earthquakes on the ionosphere state is considered. The changes of temperature profiles, the intensity of night airglow, the brightness of discrete aurora forms and absorption of cosmic radio emission are explained within the framework of the conception of turbulence intensification at altitudes of mesopause and lover thermosphere over earthquake epicenters. The turbulence intensification results from the dissipation of inner gravity waves at a height of 90 km.
Keywords: earthquakes, gravity waves, ionosphere
References: 
1. Brjunelli B. E., Namgaladze A. A. Ionospheric physics, 528 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
2. Gordiets B. F., Kulikov Yu. N. On the role of turbulence and infrared radiation in the heat balance of the lower thermosphere. In: Basov N. G. (Ed.) Infrared spectroscopy of cosmic matter and the properties of the environment in space, Tr. Fiz. in-ta, AS USSR, Vol. 130, 29—52 (1982) [in Russian].
3. Gordiets B. F., Kulikov Iu. N., Markov M. N., Marov M. Ya. Numerical modeling of heating and cooling of gas in near-Earth space. In: Basov N. G. (Ed.) Basov Infrared spectroscopy of cosmic matter and the properties of the environment in space, Tr. Fiz. in-ta, AS USSR, Vol. 130, 3—28 (1982) [in Russian].
4. Gokhberg M. B., Shalimov S. L. Lithosphere–ionosphere relation and its modeling. Russian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2 (1), 3—26 (2000) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.2205/2000ES000032
5. Danilov A. D. Popular Aeronomy, 230 p. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1989) [in Russian].
6. Dzubenko M. I. Introduction to the physics of the near-Earth environment, 240 p. (Kyiv, 1994) [in Ukrainian].
7. Dzubenko N. I., Kozak L. V. The disturbance of ionosphere during the near earthquake. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Astronomy, Is. 36, 63—65 (2000) [in Ukrainian].
8. Dzubenko N. I. Investigation of the influence of the state of the ionosphere on the structure and dynamics of polar luminescence: Doctors thesis, 313 p. (Manuscript) (Kiev, 1989) [in Russian].
9. Dzubenko M. I., Ivchenko V. M., Kozak L. V. Temperature variations over earthquake epicenters from observations obtained by the UARS satellite. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 7 (5-6), 94—99 (2001) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2001.05.094
10. Gérard J. C. A review of optical F-region processes in the polar atmosphere. In: Deehr C. S., Holtet J. A. (Ed.) Poljarnaja verhnjaja atmosfera, 177—188 (Mir, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
11. Ignatyev V. M., Yugov V. A. Interferometry of Large- Scale Dynamics of High-Latitude Thermosphere, 209 p. (Yakutsk, 1995) [in Russian].
12. Kazimirovskii E. S., Kokourov V. D. Motions in the ionosphere, 344 p. (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1979) [in Russian].
13. Kochetkov B. M. Seismicity of Yakutia, 92 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1966) [in Russian].
14. Larkina V. I., Nalivaiko A. V., Gershenzon N. I., et al. Observations of the VLF-emissions related to earthquakes from the board of INTERCOSMOS-19 satellite. Geomagnetizm i Aeronomiia, 23 (5), 842—846 (1983) [in Russian].
15. Lebedinets V. N. Aerosols in the upper atmosphere and cosmic dust, 272 p. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981) [in Russian].
16. Liperovsky V. A., Pokhotelov O. A., and Shalimov S. L. Ionospheric precursors of earthquakes, 304 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].
17. Llewellyn E. J., Solheim B. H. Optical emissions in the polar auroral E-region. In: Deehr C. S., Holtet J. A. (Ed.) Poljarnaja verhnjaja atmosfera, 169—176 (Mir, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
18. McEwan M. J., Phillips L. F. Chemistry of the Atmosphere, 376 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1978) [in Russian].
19. Nazarchuk G. K., Novikov A. M. Data of geophysical observations of the Polar Geocosmophysical Observatory Tiksi in 1973, 104 p. (Izd-vo Yakutskogo filiala SO AN SSSR, Yakutsk, 1975) [in Russian].
20. Nazarchuk G. K., Novikov A. M. Data of geophysical observations of the Polar Geocosmophysical Observatory Tiksi in  January—June 1974, 92 p. (Izd-vo Yakutskogo filiala SO AN SSSR, Yakutsk, 1977) [in Russian].
21. Nazarchuk G. K., Novikov A. M. Data of geophysical observations of the Polar Geocosmophysical Observatory Tiksi in July—December 1974, 158 p. (Izd-vo Yakutskogo filiala SO AN SSSR, Yakutsk, 1978) [in Russian].
22. Webb W. L. Dynamics of the Upper Atmosphere. In: Thermospheric circulation, 13—43 (Mir, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
23. Fatkullin M. N., Zelenova T. I., Kozlov V. K., et al. Empirical models of the midlatitude ionosphere, 256 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1981) [in Russian].
24. Felps A. V. Laboratory investigations of the aeronomic processes of adhesion and deflection of electrons. In: Laboratornye issledovanija ajeronomicheskih reakcij, 39—57 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1970) [in Russian].
25. Fishkova L. M., Toroshelidze T. I. Displaying seismic activity variations in the glow of the night sky. In: Auroras and the glow of the night sky, No. 33, 17—23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1989) [in Russian].
26. Hines C. O. Atmospheric gravity waves. In: Thermospheric Circulation, 85—99 (Mir, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
27. Hesetvedt E. Fotohimicheskie modeli v issledovanii verhnej atmosfery. In: Thermospheric Circulation, 304—308 (Mir, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
28. Shchepkin L. A., Klimov N. N. The Earth's Thermosphere, 220 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].
29. Dzubenko M. I., Evtushevsky A. M., Ivchenko V. M. Some effects of background ionospherical conductivity in the structural characteristics of Aurorae. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Astronomy, No. 35, 87—92 (1999).
30. Dzubenko M. I., Kozak L. V. Aurora activity depresion after near seismic shocks. In: Proceedings of International Symposium: From solar corona through interplanetary space, into Earth's magnetosphere and groundbased observations, Febr. 1—4, 2000, Kyiv, Ukraine, 129—131 (Kyiv, 2000).
31. Shimazaki T. Effective eddy diffusion coefficient and atmospheric composition in the lower thermosphere. J. Atmos. and Terr. Phys., 33 (9), 1383—1401 (1971).