The tropical cyclone as an element of the Earth – atmosphere – ionosphere – magnetosphere system

1Chernogor, LF
1V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Косм. наука технол. 2006, 12 ;(2-3):016-036
Publication Language: Russian
The proposition that the tropical cyclone is an element of the land surface – ocean – atmosphere – ionosphere – magneto-sphere system is justified. A block-diagram model for the principal processes taking place in the system is developed. The system and its subsystems are shown to be nonlinear. The main mechanisms of the interaction between the subsystems are described. The feedbacks and feed forwards existing between the subsystems are characterized by significant energetics. The cyclone affects the upper atmosphere, ionosphere and magneto-sphere through acoustic gravity and electromagnetic waves as well as through quasi-steady electric fields.
Keywords: atmosphere, cyclone, electromagnetic waves
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