Wave experiment onboard the microsatellite «Chibis-M»

1Korepanov, V, Marusrnkov, A, 1Belyayev, S, 2Klimov, S, 2Zelenyi, L, 2Novikov, D, 3Ferencz, Cs., 3Lichtenberger, J, 4Bodnar, L
1Lviv Centre of the Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine
2Space Research Institute of the Russian AS, Moscow, Russia
3University. Loránd Etvosha city. Budapest, Hungary
4Enterprise «BL-Electronics Kft.», Sholmar, Hungary
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2010, 16 ;(3):59-67
Publication Language: Ukrainian
One of the recent challenges of space physics is the study of processes taking place during lightning discharges. A dedicated microsatellite named Chibis-M («lapwing» in English) is under preparation for launch in 2010. It contains two space instrumentation units, namely, «Thunderstorm» and «Wave Package». A special efficiency of this project is expected because not only direct observations of lightnings, but also the synchronized study of wave processes caused by lightnings will be carried out both onboard the satellite and at ground support stations. This will give unprecedented opportunity for monitoring the development of the lightning mechanism from the lightning generation till relaxation in the form of electromagnetic waves. Measurements of electric and magnetic fields and electric current density will be performed within the framework of the wave experiment onboard Chibis-M. Special attention focusses on the ULF ‒ VLF frequency range. The waves of this range play the major role in the interactions of the «magnetosphere ‒ ionosphere ‒ atmosphere ‒ lithos-phere» system and their study is essential for the understanding of these interactions. The project scientific goals and Wave Package onboard instrumentation are described.
Keywords: lightning, space physics, wave experiment
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