Apparatus for the monitoring of global changes on the Earth from stations on the Moon or from a satellite in one of the Lagrangian points

1Morozhenko, OV, 1Vidmachenko, AP
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2003, 9 ;(Supplement2):028-029
Publication Language: Russian
Taking into account possible consequences of global warming and ozone layer weakening induces world's public to take interstate agreements on production activity restriction. This involves enormous financial expenses. Hence, it is necessary to know the reasons of the occurrence of one or other ecological phenomenon in taking the agreements. For this purpose, high-accuracy observational data on spectral reflective characteristics of the Earth as a whole are required. Only when astrophysical methods are applied to the Earth investigation can effects caused by the Earth's spectral reflectance change be estimated. With this aim in view, complex observations from stations placed well beyond the terrestrial surface (for instance, on the Moon's surface or in one of the Lagrangian points) are required. This will allow one to perform the complex studies of the Earth as a starlike object. The main methods of the observations and instruments necessary for studies of this sort are listed.
1. Morozhenko A. V. A base on the Moon: The earth global changes. In: 1st Ukrainian Conference for Perspective Space Researches: Abstracts, 31 (Kiev, 2001) [in Russian].
2. Morozhenko O. V., Shavrina A. V., Veles' O. A. The importance of the stratospheric aerosol in the formation of the ozone layer. Kinematika i Fizika Nebesnykh Tel, 16 (4), 364—368 (2000) [in Ukrainian].
3. Morozhenko O. V., Shavrina A. V., Veles' O. A. Conception of gas and aerosol pollution monitoring of the earth's atmosphere (for altitudes more than 30 km) on board the International space station. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 6 (2-3), 69—76 (2000) [in Ukrainian].

4. Hansen J. Climat Forsings and Feedbacks. In: Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forsings and Feedbacks. (NASA Conf. Publ. 3234) 6—12 (New York, 1992).